Global Avant-Garde and Modernist Studies

Program Type: Cluster

The GAMS cluster facilitates transnational and interdisciplinary scholarship on avant-garde and modernist literatures and arts.

The radical aesthetic and conceptual innovations that began to appear toward the end of the nineteenth century were long treated as essentially European events, originating in a handful of capital cities and then, perhaps, spreading elsewhere. In recent decades, however, scholars have demonstrated the transnational character of these movements, largely rejecting the old Eurocentric model. This global turn has dovetailed with other innovations in the study of modernism and the avant-garde, including: an increasing interdisciplinarity that emphasizes the interactions between literature, media, and the arts; the erasure of the once strictly-policed border between high art and such popular cultural forms as film, jazz, design, fashion, or comics; a much richer sense of the politics of this period, to include, for example, issues of race, gender, and sexuality; and, not least, increasingly flexible conceptions of periodization derived from new understandings of what is modern and who was avant-garde.

In addition to revisiting canonical Euro-American movements and figures, then, the cluster emphasizes their circulation and transformation (Japanese Dada, Maghreb Surrealism); movements whose geographic centers lay elsewhere (such as Estridentismo in Mexico or New Sensationism in East Asia); post-WWII avant-gardes such as Brazilian concretism, pan-Arab modernisms of the 1960s, or Afro-Futurism.

The cluster is open to students and faculty not only from diverse artistic and national fields, but also to a wide range of methodological approaches. Our goal is to enrich our collective understanding of the methodological obligations of, as well as the exciting possibilities for, future studies of modernism and the avant-garde.

See Global Avant-garde and Modernist Studies Cluster Requirements for specific courses and procedures needed to complete this program.

How to Apply

Current PhD students interested in participating in this cluster should contact Professor César Braga-Pinto at or Professor Christopher Bush at

Who to Contact

Please contact one of the directors, listed below, with questions about this cluster.

César Braga-Pinto
Associate Professor, Spanish and Portuguese

Christopher Bush
Associate Professor, French and Italian